Grant Number: 1 R41 AI122441-01A1
Principal Investigator: smith, James
Project Title: Optimization of the Production and Isolation of the Novel Antifungal Occidiofungin
Occidiofungin is a cyclic nonribosomally synthesized antifungal peptide with submicromolar fungicidal activity against a broad spectrum of fungi. Occidiofungin is produced by the Gram-negative bacterium Burkholderia contaminans. From our structural characterization studies, occidiofungin was determined to have a unique chemical composition. Our studies have also revealed that occidiofungin has a novel mechanism of action. Occidiofungin is a potent antifungal against fluconazole and caspofungin-resistant Candida albicans. Occidiofungin triggers cell death by inducing apoptosis in yeast cells. Occidiofungin has minimal toxicity in mice at doses exceeding 10 mg/kg. Furthermore, occidiofungin was shown to reduce Candida glabrata load in the kidneys of infected mice. All these studies point to the need to further the preclinical development of this novel compound. The major impediment to furthering investigational studies on this unique antifungal compound is the poor yield from culture liquor. The goal of this application is to enhance the yield and purity of occidiofungin following fermentation. Two approaches will be explored to increase the yield of the antifungal compound. First, media components will be screened to determine their effect on the production levels of the antifungal compound. Second, a molecular based approach will be used to determine whether an increase in production of occidiofungin is possible through genetic manipulation. The last component of the application is to determine the most effective means of extracting and purifying the antifungal compound from the fermentation liquor. This work is necessary for furthering additional studies aimed at developing the antifungal compound as a new therapeutic.